This Divya Desam is located in the heart of Madurai which is known primarily for its grand temple dedicated to Meenakshi and Sundareswarar.Kallazhagar is enshrined at Azhagar Koyil, and Srivilliputtur enshrines Kattazhagar, while Madurai enshrines Koodalazhagar.
The presiding deity here is Koodalazhagar in a seated posture facing east, while his consort is Madhuravalli in a separate sanctum. The name Koodal is from the legend that Vishnu caused four clouds to gather at Madurai in the form of tall structures to prevent a deluge from engulfing the city.
According to another legend the Devas and sages came together for the marraige of Meenakshi Amman to Lord Shiva and hence this temple is called "Koodal" meaning coming together. Lord Shiva represents the entire structure of Gnanam and Sakthi are married and the Paramathma, Lord Vishnu assists them in marriage. Gnanam, sakthi, beauty, bhakti and wealth are joined together in this place.
This beautiful temple covers an area of about 2.5 acres and is adorned with interesting stone grills and sculptures, two prakarams and a five tiered rajagopuram. One can climb up and take a closer look at the Ashtanga Vimanam which enshrines Pallikonda Perumal in one of its levels, and Surya Narayanan in a standing posture in the other. This aspect of a vimanam enshrining three different postures of Vishnu is similar to that at the Vaikuntha Perumaal temple at Kanchipuram. There are also shrines to Lakshminarasimhar, Ramar, Krishnar, Andal. The Navagrahams are enshrined here, a feature not seen in most Vaishnavite temples.