The Hindu festival of Mahashivaratri is celebrated on the 14th day of the dark fortnight of the Magh month, as per the Hindu lunar calendar. The Shiva principle is most active on this day of the year.
Maha Shivaratri literally means 'the night (ratri) of the Supreme God principle (Shiva)'. Accordingly, the various religious rituals and observances on this festival take place chiefly at night. Hindus observe a strict fast on this day; some devotees do not partake of even a drop of water. In observance of MahaShivratri people repeat the Panchakshara mantra, ‘Om Namah Shivaya’ throughout the night. Like all vowed religious observances, the observance of MahaShivaratri aims to gain control over one’s raja (spiritual component of action, passion) and tama (spiritual component of ignorance, darkness). This is done by spending the entire day at the feet of Lord Shiva by continuously worshipping Him, sitting in one place. This helps control motion or activity, which is a manifestation of the raja component. Further, by observing vigil throughout the night helps reduce the tama component and its manifestations such as lust, anger, jealousy, etc.
RUDRA HOMAM WILL BE PERFORMED ON SHIVRATRI THIS YEAR.